Mr. Anthony Kandili is a proud Maasai farmer, married and the father of three children. Recently, he joined fellow community members on a learning tour of farms in the area surrounding his village in southern Kenya. The field visit was organized by Noomayianat Community Development Organization (NCDO), one of Vibrant Village Foundation’s local partners in Kenya. The purpose of the tour was to expose farmers to new farming techniques and new crops that could improve their own production and livelihoods.
Mr. Kandili comes from a Maasai pastoralist community, living on the slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro in the Kimana area of Loitokitok, where climate change is no longer an abstract notion, but a stark reality. Effects of climate change have forced the Maasai to switch to large-scale subsistence crops farming as an alternative way to access food for survival and to earn a livelihood. Prior to the farm tour, he had never set foot out of the Kimana area. Mr. Kandili looked forward to visiting other areas of Kenya that were practicing similar and more successful farming techniques.
Mr. Kandili was awestruck to see pineapples growing on a farm in Rumuruti, and was quick to catch on to the idea. Immediately following the learning tour, he planted pineapple suckers he had bought from the farm. Now, barely one month after the trip, two of his pineapple suckers have already developed small fruits.
“I am a big fan of pineapple, but I never knew that pineapple farming could be replicated in Kimana,” Mr. Kandili explained. He had invited members of NCDO to visit his small farm to witness the miracle of the moment.
He says, “The Bible verse states: ‘My people perish due to lack of knowledge’ [Kweli biblia inasema watu wangu wanapotea kwa kukosa elimu]. To me this is a miracle. I have tried several times to plant the top part of pineapple fruits without success, not knowing that it is the suckers that are to be planted.”
Jokingly, Mr. Kandili said he is proud to have his name listed in the Guinness book of World Records as the first Maasai farmer ever to produce pineapple fruit in Loitokitok!
“Now that I am sure that pineapple farming can be applicable to our climate, I am planning to purchase more suckers,” Mr. Kandili says. “Though I can’t just stop being a pastoralist, I have decided to take up crop farming seriously as a business.”
Job opportunities and work experience are hard to come by in rural Kenya – and it is no surprise that around 35% of 20-year-olds in Kenya are unemployed.
Single mother and local Esabalu resident, Dinah, is no different. After completing high school in 2011, Dinah lacked the funds and opportunities to pursue a career as a social worker. Instead, like many young Kenyans, she has been staying at home and struggling to provide for her 2-year-old son.
Since June 2014, Dinah has been working with Vibrant Village as part of the Enhanced Learning Volunteer Program.
The program runs in a local primary school where the seven Enhanced Learning Volunteers (ELVs), including Dinah, work with approximately 40 students who the school has identified as struggling with classwork. The ELVs work with students four mornings a week and focus on core skills such as literacy, numeracy and English. As Dinah explains:
“We usually arrive at school at 8 AM and start with a reading session. After that, we do classroom assistance, which involves helping our students when they are stuck and correcting mistakes so they gain confidence in class. Then we teach literacy lessons where we teach students how to use phonics and make words. Before lunch, we do 1-1 in math and English where we use flash cards and writing activities.”
Vibrant Village has equipped each Volunteer with an Enhanced Learning Kit – a mobile classroom, containing all the resources they’ll need to conduct each session including story-books, mini-whiteboards, flash cards and games. The ELVs also undertook a 2-week training program with Vibrant Village prior to starting with their students.
“I feel good working with students as I love kids and using my energy to help others,” Dinah says. “The kits are fun and the teachers are always interested to see what new games we are doing with the students.”
Dinah has also noticed a big change in her group, stating, “There is a big difference with my Class 1 students! They didn’t even know any letters before and now they can read all the sounds and some can make syllables and words!”
For the Volunteer Program, which runs for 6 months, Vibrant Village recruited high-school graduates who hope to work with children in the future and need to gain some experience before advancing their careers.
To support the volunteers with career development, Vibrant Village runs a weekly workshop where the volunteers work through their Enhanced Learning Packs. These contain a series of individualized professional development activities and records of their work in school, which they will be able to keep as evidence after their placement.
Dinah now feels positive about her future. She shares, “I am now building the foundations for my career.” In December, Dinah will leave the program with new computer skills, a strong letter of recommendation, teaching experience and a clear plan for her career.
Nkoyoyo Monglya and Lilian Muriet Leshan are mothers who struggle to feed, clothe and educate their children in a traditional tribal society where women have little political or social power, and education is undervalued. Still, these two women hope that by sending their children to school, and encouraging other women in their village in Southern Kenya to educate their children as well, the lives of all villagers will improve and their community will grow stronger.
With this desire, they and other women who are participating in the Sustained Agribusiness for Healthier Livelihoods Project are motivated to learn more effective agricultural practices so they can earn enough money to pay for their children’s education and improve health and economic conditions for themselves and their children.
The two-year project is helping 81 Maasai tribeswomen, identified as “the most vulnerable and needy women,” to learn sustainable agricultural methods, explains Daniel Nyagwara, who heads the project with funding from Portland-based Vibrant Village Foundation’s $82,260 grant. The women are being supported with borehole wells, tools and equipment, seeds and fertilizers.
“I hope to grow beans, maize and some vegetables,” says Nkoyoyo, who has five children, three of whom are in school. “When I get produce in excess of my needs, I will sell to the market and gain some money for paying school fees and other needs.”
Lilian is married with three children, two of whom attend a nearby private school. Through the Sustained Agribusiness for Healthier Livelihoods Project, she hopes to become a serious farmer. She wants to grow vegetables such as tomatoes, onions, beans and maize. When she has a good harvest, she plans to sell her surplus at the market to make extra income for buying things she can’t grow on the farm. She also hopes to raise cows of a higher grade to increase milk production.
The 81 women live in three villages in Rombo, a small township with fewer than 5,000 people. Rombo is located in the Rift Valley, just north of the border with Tanzania and within the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro. Traditionally, the Maasai people have been herders. But years of drought and being pushed off their historical land — first by British colonialists so settlers could build ranches, and continuing in the 20th century by the Kenyan government to create wildlife reserves and national parks — have forced many tribal members to adapt to new lifestyles.
Some men continue to raise cattle or other livestock, and some have left the rural villages to work low-skilled jobs in cities. A few men have taken responsibility for earning money for their households, but most are idle, lacking skills to farm or do any other kind of income-generating activity, Daniel says. Women are expected to raise food and sell any surplus. Some also sell traditional medicine or items such as minerals, embroidery work or dairy products. What money these women earn becomes the property of their husbands, who often use most of it to buy food, drink or other pleasures for themselves, leaving their wives to feed children and maintain the household with what is left over, he adds.
Nkoyoyo is concerned that many community members, especially men and to some extent women, do not value education as a vehicle to create a brighter future for their community. She hopes this mentality can be changed through awareness as well as increasing the number of schools so that as many children as possible can access education from primary through secondary levels.
According to Daniel, studies conducted among communities in the developing world show that women with higher levels of education are more likely to have cleaner households and they and their children are less likely to suffer from diseases, including HIV/AIDs.
In their patriarchal society, Maasai women don’t own land. If a woman’s husband dies, the widow can claim ownership of any acquired or inherited property such as land or livestock only if she has a young son or sons who will assume ownership when they come of age.
“This can make a woman very desperate. Upon the death of her husband, she may be either fought or even chased away by the next of kin to posses any wealth that her husband left behind, which she definitely contributed to making,” Daniel adds. “It will be her in-laws who will dictate what she owns and what she does not own. I know of many women who have been denied their matrimonial wealth, sent away or killed by their kinsmen just to access and acquire their late husband’s wealth.”
Despite these challenges, Nkoyoyo and Lilian both like their community.
“The families are at peace, and there is no crime,” Lilian points out. But she works hard to ensure her children get an education. In addition to her household chores, Lilian prepares tea and snacks, which she sells daily to farmers, casual laborers and to men who are traveling. This helps her pay private school fees, feed her family and buy other basic needs. She says she started this small business because, when she was first married, her husband “did not care to provide for me. My children and I suffered. They were going to a public school where the level of education was too low.”
Lilian advises other women of her community to “struggle, even though all things work against them.” And, she believes Maasai men should be empowered to actively participate in helping their wives take care of their household responsibilities — such as finding food, educating their children, building a house and farming — all duties women are currently expected to handle by themselves.
“These women truly have needs,” Daniel says, referring to all the women in the Sustained Agribusiness for Healthier Livelihoods Project. “We may not be able to find solutions to all of them, but we can put our best foot forward, give our best talents, efforts, skills, knowledge and resources to at least change the life of a child, a girl, a widow and women generally in these villages.”
Nkoyoyo adds, “With this project, I hope that there will be a change, and this change — though coming through agriculture — will encompass all the women in the community to make a step ahead socially and economically."